December 19th, 2014 by Mark Kidd
Dell PowerEdge 13G R430 Review
The PowerEdge R430 packs Dell’s 13th generation PowerEdge compute platform into a 2-socket short-depth 1U rack server. The 13G R430 is built on Intel’s Grantly platform with a Wellsburg C610 chipset that utilizes Intel Xeon E5-2600 v3 processors with 12 DDR4 DIMM slots. The R430 has four chassis options with up to 10 2.5-inch hard drives and two PCIe Gen3 slots, making it attractive for deploying additional compute power to a rack that is tight on space or for use as the foundation for a PowerEdge deployment that is expected to scale over time.
One of the advantages that the Wellsburg C610 chipset and Xeon E5-2600 v3 processor combination has over the prior generation’s E5-2600 v2 processors is that the v3 processors incorporate embedded PCIe lanes for improved I/O performance. As with other members of the 13G PowerEdge family, the R430 also features Dell's Failsafe Hypervisor to provide redundancy for virtual workloads. It also incorporates the Dell Remote Access Controller 8 (iDRAC8) with Lifecycle Controller with tools for automating deployment, configuration, and updates.
This review features a R430 configured exclusively with hard drives, although the 13G PowerEdge platform uses Dell's new PERC9 controllers. PERC9 controllers replace the LSI CacheCade technology used in Dell's PERC8 controllers with the DAS Cache solution from SanDisk. DAS Cache uses "filter driver" for the operating system in order to accelerate performance by caching frequently used data on SSDs. Our review of the PowerEdge 13G R730xd takes a closer look at the functionality and performance of the optional DAS Cache feature.
Our evaluation of the R430 will utilize this server as the compute component for a benchmark protocol which uses an all-flash array configured with Micron P420m PCIe SSDs as the underlying storage media. We will review the R430 in tandem with the PowerEdge R530 which in many respects serves as a 2U variation of the same design.
Dell PowerEdge 13G R430 Specifications
- Chassis: 1U Rack
- Intel Xeon processor E5-2600 v3 product family
- Processor sockets: 2
- Internal interconnect: Up to 9.6GT/s
- Cache: 2.5MB per core; core options: 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16
- Chipset: Intel C610 series chipset
- Chassis options
- 10 x 2.5-inch hot-plug drives
- 8 x 2.5-inch hot-plug drives
- 4 x 3.5-inch hot-plug drives
- 4 x 3.5-inch cabled drives
- Operating Systems
- Microsoft Windows Server 2008/2012 SP2, x86/x64 (x64 includes Hyper-V)
- Microsoft Windows Server 2008/2012 R2, x64 (includes Hyper-V)
- Novell SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux
- VMware vSphere
- Memory: DDR4 DIMMs at up to 2133MT/s
- Maximum RAM: Up to 384GB (12 DIMM slots): 2GB/4GB/8GB/16GB/32GB
- Hypervisor Support
- Citrix XenServer
- Microsoft Windows Server 2008, with Hyper-V
- VMware vSphere
- Storage:bSAS, SATA, Nearlline SAS, SSD
- Slots: 2 PCIe 3.0
- Internal RAID Controllers
- PERC S130
- PERC H330
- PERC H730
- PERC H730P
- PERC H830
- Network Controller: 4 x 1GbE LOM
- Power: 450W, 550W PSU
- ECC memory
- Single Device Data Correction (SDDC)
- Spare Rank
- Hot-plug hard drives
- Hot-plug redundant power
- iDRAC8 with Lifecycle Controller
- Support for HA clustering
- Internal Dual SD Module (Failsafe Hypervisor)
- TPM 1.2
- Graphics Card
- Video Type: Integrated Matrox G200 with iDRAC8
- Video Memory: 16MB shared with iDRAC8 application memory
- Systems management
- IPMI 2.0 compliant
- Dell OpenManage Essentials
- Dell OpenManage Mobile
- Dell OpenManage Power Center
- Remote management
- iDRAC8 with Lifecycle Controller
- iDRAC8 Express (default)
- iDRAC8 Enterprise (upgrade) 8GB vFlash media (upgrade)
- 16GB vFlash media (upgrade) iDRAC Quick Sync
- Dell OpenManage Integrations
- Dell OpenManage Integration Suite for Microsoft System Center
- Dell OpenManage Integration for VMware vCenter
- Dell OpenManage Connections
- HP Operations Manager
- IBM Tivoli Netcool and CA Network and Systems Management
- Dell OpenManage
Build and Design
Dell provided the StorageReview Enterprise Test Lab with the R430 chassis that features 10 2.5-inch hot plug drive bays. The left side of the R430’s front panel features an iDRAC-managed USB port that can function as a regular USB port or provide access to the iDRAC features along with a diagnostic LED, and an NMI troubleshooting button designed to be pressed using the end of a paper clip. Immediately above the iDRAC port is the front system identification button that can be used to locate the server within a rack.
The left side of the R430’s rear panel features a serial connector and a VGA port next to dual 10/100/1000Mbps network interfaces. An optional vFlash card slot is located above one USB 2.0 port and one USB 3.0 port. Moving rightward there is an optional iDRAC management port located above the rear system identification button and an optional system identification connector. The rear panel offers access to two PCIe 3.0 slots and two additional Ethernet interfaces. The 13G R430 can be configured with up to two 550W redundant AC power supplies.
The interior of the R430 incorporates five cooling fans that lie behind the front control panel circuitry and the storage bays. The R430’s two processors are surrounded by its DDR4 DIMM slots behind the cooling fans. The system’s expansion card riser connector is located beside the system’s redundant power supplies.
As a member of the 13G PowerEdge family, the R430 implements the Dell OpenManage platform, powered by the Integrated Dell Remote Access Controller 8 (iDRAC8) with Lifecycle Controller. For agent-based management deployments, Dell's OpenManage Server Administration (OMSA) offers one-to-one system management from the command line or a Web GUI. Because management workflows are similar across the 13G PowerEdge lineup, our R430 review will feature only an overview of its management functionality. Our review of the PowerEdge 13G R730xd incorporates a fuller look into iDRAC as well as the 13G PowerEdge family's DAS Cache functionality for configurations which combine hard drive and flash storage media.
iDRAC can provide remote access to the system whether or not there is an operating system installed. After login, iDRAC displays a system overview as well as a virtual console preview via its iKVM.
iDRAC Direct allows administrators to use a USB key to deploy hardware configurations to 13G PowerEdge servers, including BIOS, iDRAC, PERC, and NIC settings. iDRAC Direct also allows administrators to access the iDRAC management GUI via a laptop connected to the server via a USB cable. The iDRAC Quick Sync capability allows administrators with Android-powered mobile devices to touch optional iDRAC Quick Sync hardware in the front bezel of a 13G PowerEdge server to view server status and logs.
Testing Background and Comparables
We publish an inventory of our lab environment, an overview of the lab's networking capabilities, and other details about our testing protocols so that administrators and those responsible for equipment acquisition can fairly gauge the conditions under which we have achieved the published results. To maintain our independence, none of our reviews are paid for or managed by the manufacturer of equipment we are testing.
Our intention for this review is to provide a baseline of synthetic enterprise results to help potential customers evaluate the R430's performance. Therefore our benchmarking protocol for R430 will compare its performance to a similarly-configured Dell PowerEdge 13G R530. Both the R430 and the R530 have been used to drive synthetic benchmark workloads on an all-flash array with Micron P420m PCIe SSDs as the storage media. Both servers were connected to the array via their onboard 1GbE interfaces and both servers utilize the SMB protocol.
Enterprise Synthetic Workload Analysis
Prior to initiating each of the fio synthetic benchmarks, our lab preconditions the device into steady-state under a heavy load of 16 threads with an outstanding queue of 16 per thread. Then the storage is tested in set intervals with multiple thread/queue depth profiles to show performance under light and heavy usage.
Preconditioning and Primary Steady-State Tests:
- Throughput (Read+Write IOPS Aggregated)
- Average Latency (Read+Write Latency Averaged Together)
- Max Latency (Peak Read or Write Latency)
- Latency Standard Deviation (Read+Write Standard Deviation Averaged Together)
This synthetic analysis incorporates four profiles which are widely used in manufacturer specifications and benchmarks:
- 4k - 100% Read and 100% Write
- 8k - 100% Read and 100% Write
- 8k - 70% Read/30% Write
- 128k - 100% Read and 100% Write
After being preconditioned for 4k workloads, both PowerEdge servers were able to sustain both read and write workloads at approximately 112,000IOPS.
Average latency calculations for the 4k benchmark were likewise very similar for both servers and comparable across read and write operations. In each instance the average latency calculations were approximately 2.3ms.
After being preconditioned for 8k workloads, both servers were able to maintain read and write throughputs of approximately 57,000IOPS.
With a workload composed of a mixture of 8k read and write operations the R430 was able to edge out the performance of the R530 on workloads that featured shallow queue depths.
Average latency calculations during the 8k 70/30 benchmark also reflected slightly better performance by the R430 with shallow queues.
Our final synthetic benchmark made use of 128k transfers and a workload of 100% read and 100% write operations. Through this lens the two PowerEdge servers were again nearly indistinguishable with approximately 463,000IOPS for read and write operations.
The Dell PowerEdge family occupies an important position in the enterprise compute marketplace, and the 13th generation of the lineup is well-equipped to maintain this position. Dell provided us a review unit that is configured entirely with HDD internal storage, but we know from our benchmarks of the 13G PowerEdge 730xd that a hybrid storage configuration and the PERC9's DAS Cache technology would make for a potent combination to accelerate local storage performance.
The R430 itself offers space constrained data centers an option that combines PowerEdge pedigree with a small footprint. The R430 can be configured for a variety of use cases. With our review unit the configuration tended to be a bit more spartan, typical for low-cost redundant compute nodes that leverage shared storage. As seen in comparison to the more traditional 2U form factor the R530 uses, the performance between the two is nearly identical. The R430 gives up flexibility in exchange for a denser rack configuration, but that's not unique to the system, that's just the tradeoff of miniaturization. The system still supports dual processors, up to 384GB of RAM and plenty of internal storage configuration flexibility.
- Compact 1U, shallow-depth chassis form factor
- Several chassis configurations to accommodate varied internal storage media
- Affordable entry pricing with room to grow
- Only two PCIe slots (three on R630)
The Bottom Line
Dell's 13G R430 packs a lot of PowerEdge punch into a small chassis that is ready for a variety of deployments, from space-constrained racks to remote and branch offices.