March 31st, 2012 by Kevin OBrien
OWC Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G SSD Review
OWC recently announced its latest enterprise SSD offering, the Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G. While related to their Mercury Extreme Pro 6G client SSDs, the Enterprise Pro has plenty of upgrades to make it ready for both entry and mainstream enterprise duties. The Extreme Pro features the SandForce SF-2582 enterprise SSD controller, Toshiba 24nm eMLC Toggle NAND, enterprise grade firmware and the industry's longest warranty of seven years.
The core components and firmware deliver impressive quoted throughput, delivering burst reads up to 550 MB/s and writes of 525 MB/s along with random 4K read of up to 60,000 IOPS and random 4K writes up to 60,000 IOPS. The drive isn't all about performance though, beyond the enterprise grade controller, NAND components and firmware, OWC also offers power fail protection via what they call Paratus Power Technology. The power protection is provided by KEMET Organic Tantalum Capacitors (KO-CAP), which allows the controller to filter and regulate incoming power, and flush data in transit to NAND safely in the event of power loss.
The Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G uses a standard 9.5mm, 2.5" form factor with SATA 6Gb/s interface, making it easy to deploy into servers, workstations and the like. For varied usage scenarios from boot drive to tiering and caching, OWC offers the drive in 50GB, 100GB, 200GB and 400GB capacities with over provisioning up to 28%. The drives are sold through OWC's website and carry retail prices of $629, $720, $1080 and $1800 respectively. Incidentally, OWC is one of the few enterprise drive manufacturers who publish single drive pricing for their SSDs.
OWC Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G Specs
- 50GB (46GB formatted)
- 100GB (93GB formatted)
- 200GB (186GB formatted)
- 400GB (372GB formatted)
- SandForce SF-2582 Controller with up to 28% Over-Provisioning
- Enterprise Toggle Synchronous (eMLC) 10K PE NAND Flash
- Form Factor - Standard 9.5mm 2.5"
- SATA 6Gb/s
- Data Reliability: ECC Recovery up to 55 bytes correctable per 512-byte sector
- Nonrecoverable Read Errors: Less than 1 sector per 1017 bits read
- Chip Based Data Encryption: 256-bit & 128-bit AES-compliant
- Sustained: Reads 6Gb/s up to 550MB/s
- Sustained: Writes 6Gb/s up to 525MB/s
- Random 4K Read4: Up to 60,000 IOPS
- Random 4K Write4: Up to 60,000 IOPS
- Read Latency: less than 0.1ms
- Write Latency: less than 0.1ms
- Active: Less than 3000mW (3.0W) expected maximum draw
- Idle: Less than 1200mW (1.2W)
- Environmental (Operating):
- Temperature (°F) 32°F to 158°F
- Temperature (°C) 0°C to 70°C
- Environmental (Non-Operating):
- Temperature (°F) -67°F to 302°F
- Temperature (°C) -55°C to 150°C
- Warranty - 7-year limited warranty
Design and Disassembly
OWC stays true to their consumer SSD roots with the design of the Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G SSD. The body is an all-metal design, painted metallic blue, with a machined edge circling the top of the drive. OWC also makes sure to use the label to point out their drives are designed and built in the USA, which is pretty rare these days in the tech market.
The bottom of the drive includes detailed information about the drive, including the serial number, model number, firmware revision, and drive size specifics. Also visible are the standard lower mounting holes for drive trays. The side of the drive is rather basic apart from a clean beveled edge that adds a bit of glitz and glamour to the Enterprise SSD. On the front the OWC Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G has the SATA power and data connection, with no service pins visible. Overall the look and feel of the new 6G is very impressive. Not that looks matter a great deal when it comes to selecting an SSD, but there's something to be said for a case design that's sturdy and visually appealing.
With the covers removed from the Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G, we see the LSI SandForce SF-2582 processor combined with sixteen 16GB Toshiba eMLC Toggle Synchronous NAND. No thermal pads were present in the case, although we didn't run into any performance throttling issues during our long-term endurance testing in a high air-flow server drive bay.
The LSI SandForce SF-2582, which doesn't require a additional SDRAM buffer, and has an operating temperature of up to 70C in a commercial environment. The controller also supports AES-128/256 and TCG Encryption. The 24nm eMLC NAND used on this drive is rated for 10,000 P/E or Program-Erase cycles, although at the time of this review, there were no published TBW figures for this model.
Another feature found inside the OWC Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G is what OWC calls Paratus Power Technology. This power-fail protection, supported by 24 KEMET Organic Tantalum Capacitors (KO-CAP), allows the controller to filter and regulate incoming power, with the ability to detect an eminent power failure and flush data in transit to NAND safely. Without on-board SDRAM the SSD has very little data not being actively written to NAND, meaning longer hold-up times associated with super-capacitors (as well as their higher failure rates) are not needed. The 24 100uF capacitors offer a total capacitance of 0.0024F.
The OWC Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G uses Toshiba 24nm eMLC NAND, a SandForce SF-2582 controller and a 6.0Gb/s SATA interface; our review unit is 200GB. The comparables used for this review include the following recently tested enterprise SSDs: Micron P400e (200GB, Marvell 9174, Micron 25nm MLC NAND, SATA), Samsung SM825 (200GB, Samsung S3C29MAX01-Y330, Samsung 30nm eMLC NAND, SATA), and the Hitachi Ultrastar SSD400M (400GB, Intel EW29AA31AA1 controller, Intel 25nm eMLC NAND, SAS), Intel SSD 710 (200GB, Intel PC29AS21BA0 controller, Intel 25nm eMLC NAND, SATA), and the Smart Storage Systems XceedIOPS2 (200GB, Sandforce SF-2582 controller, Toshiba 32nm eMLC NAND, SATA). All enterprise SSDs are benchmarked on our enterprise testing platform based on a Lenovo ThinkServer RD240. All IOMeter figures are represented as binary figures for MB/s speeds.
Our first test looks at the speed in a sequential write environment with large block transfers. This particular test uses a 2MB transfer size with IOMeter, with 4k sector alignment and measures performance with a queue depth of 4. OWC lists maximum sustained burst read speed of 550MB/s and a write speed of 525MB/s for their 200GB Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G . Since this test measures steady-state performance, instead of burst figures for equal comparison across all enterprise drives in a constant workload environment, our measurements will be under the advertised amount since they represent a different longer activity instead of a momentary or burst recording.
In our large-block sequential transfer test we measured a read speed of 490MB/s and a steady-state write speed of 200MB/s. These values come up under the SMART XceedIOPS2, although the differing NAND types (24nm vs 32nm) are likely a key reason.
Moving to a random access profile, but still maintaining a large block transfer size of 2MB, we start to see how performance varies in a multi-user environment. This test keeps the same queue depth level of 4 that we used in the prior sequential transfer benchmark.
In our large-block random transfer test the Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G maintained a read speed of 485MB/s with steady-state write speeds measuring 63MB/s. These ranked middle of the pack of the eMLC-based SSDs we have previously reviewed.
Switching to even smaller random access transfer size of 4K, we get closer to the packet size that might be found in a heavy random access environment such as a server setting with multiple VMs accessing the same array. In the first test we look at expanded 4K read performance and how it scales from a queue depth of 1 to a maximum of 64.
The SandForce SF-2582 processor inside the Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G performed very well in our expanded 4K random read test, with a peak speed of 55,913 I/O at a queue depth of 32.
Our next test looks at 4K random write performance at a static queue depth of 32 and results are recorded and averaged once the drives have reached steady-state. While IOPS performance is a good metric to measure steady-state performance, another key area of interest is around average and peak latency. Higher peak latency figures can mean certain requests can backed up under heavy continuous access.
Under a continuous workload, the Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G maintained a steady-state 4K random speed of 7,067 IOPS with an average speed of 28MB/s. Average latency during this test measured 4.53ms with peak latency during our test topping at 129.72ms.
Our last series of synthetic benchmarks compare both enterprise drives in a series of server mixed-workloads with a static queue depth of 32. Like the synthetic benchmarks at the start of this review, these tests are also measured in steady state. Each of our server profile tests has a strong preference towards read activity, ranging from 67% read with our database profile to 100% read in our web server profile.
The first is our database profile, with a 67% read and 33% write workload mix primarily centered on 8K transfer sizes.
The OWC Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G maintained a steady-state speed of 10,662 IOPS or 83MB/s in our Database profile test. This ranked toward the middle of the other high-performance eMLC models, above the eMLC-equipped Intel SSD 710 and the entry-enterprise MLC-based Micron P400e.
The next profile looks at a file server, with 80% read and 20% write workload spread out over multiple transfer sizes ranging from 512-byte to 64KB.
The Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G measured a steady-state speed of 12,445 IOPS a File Server scenario, closely following the eMLC-equipped SMART Storage Systems XceedIOPS2, as well as the Hitachi Ultrastar SSD400M and Samsung SM825.
Our web server profile is read-only with a spread of transfer sizes from 512-byte to 512KB.
In a read-only environment, the OWC Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G moved to the front of the pack with a steady-state speed of 18,777 IOPS or 287MB/s.
The last profile looks at a workstation, with a 20% write and 80% read mixture using 8K transfers.
In a workstation environment the Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G ranked 3rd among the eMLC enterprise-grade SSDs we have reviewed, coming in below the Ultrastar SSD400M and Smart XceedIOPS2 and well above the Samsung SM825, Micron P400e or Intel SSD 710 with speed of 16,390 IOPS or 128MB/s.
Enterprise Power Consumption
When it comes to choosing drives for the datacenter or other densely-packed storage environment, performance isn't the only metric companies are interested in when looking at SSDs or hard drives. Power consumption can be a huge deal in certain cases, so it makes sense that you would want to know how a drive would perform under a constant workload.
In the Enterprise Power section of this review, we look at each drive under the same conditions we used to test the read and write speeds in earlier. This includes sequential and random 2MB transfers with a queue depth of 4 and small random 4K read and write transfers at a queue depth of 32. As with our previous tests we are measuring all figures in a steady-state to put the drive into its most power-hungry conditions.
Under all conditions except start-up, the Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G used 5.79 watts or less. The most power hungry activity for the Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G was random QD32 4K read, using 5.79 watts averaged over the duration of the test. Second was sequential 2MB QD4 write using 5.07 watts, third was random QD32 4K write using 4.04 watts followed by 2MB QD4 read coming in fourth with 3.13 watts.
A large push for an eMLC SSD in a datacenter environment is around cost per GB and IOPS/Watt. We calculated a figure of 9,657 IOPS/watt in pure random 4K read at a queue depth of 32, dropping to 1,749 IOPS/watt if you instead look at steady 4K random write. This compared to 19,484 IOPS/watt read or 6,150 IOPS/watt write on the eMLC Hitachi Ultrastar SSD400M or 18,618 IOPS/watt read, 7,716 IOPS/watt write on the MLC Micron RealSSD P400e, 14,980 IOPS/watt read, 2,043 IOPS/watt write on the eMLC Samsung SM825, or 9,621 IOPS/watt read, 2,246 IOPS/watt write on the eMLC Hitachi Ultrastar SSD400M. When chosing any given SSD based on power needs, it really comes down to the needs of the business, finding the best blend of power to performance (or just straight performance).
OWC boldly plants their flag in the entry and mainstream enterprise markets with the Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G SSD. The SSD includes an LSI SandForce SF-2582 processor combined with Toshiba eMLC NAND, then OWC takes it up a notch with an industry leading seven year warranty. Sure, some users may blow through the endurance numbers before that window, but even so, knowing that OWC has that level of confidence and backing of the drive is comforting to many buyers. Adding to that level of comfort are enterprise-grade features such as OWC's Paratus Power Technology that protects data in the event of a power interruption through use of an array of discrete capacitors.
Turning to performance, the OWC Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G posted exceptional results in our Webserver profile, owning the top spot ahead of the Smart Storage Systems XceedIOPS2 and Hitachi Ultrastar SSD400M. In workloads with write activity, the Enterprise Pro 6G ranked middle of the pack, trailing the XceedIOPS2 by only a small margin. With a great deal of NAND and processor similarities with the Smart Systems SSD, it really comes down to the generation of Toshiba eMLC flash used and firmware differences. OWC went with newer 24nm NAND while Smart Storage Systems stuck with older 32nm, although with unique firmware numbering it's hard to tell if they are both using the same base SandForce firmware.
Beside the Intel SSD 710, the OWC Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G is the only eMLC-equipped SSD we have reviewed that does not use thermal pads to dissipate heat from the circuit board into the outside metal case. While it didn't present performance problems in our testing, we felt it worth noting. It's not uncommon to see thermal pads omitted in entry enterprise SSDs which are aimed at read-heavy workloads, albeit those are generally equipped with standard MLC NAND with that type of activity in mind. In a write-heavy environment though, addressing thermals is a big deal. Thankfully OWC's power-fail protection method uses discrete capacitors, with a temperature rating in excess of 100C, so stress from heat should be less of an issue with this drive. There's also the seven year warranty coverage should the hardware have any issues.
- Great performance in our Webserver profile
- Equipped with discrete capacitors for power-fail protection
- Industry leading 7 year warranty
- No internal thermal dissipation pads
The OWC Mercury Enterprise Pro 6G offers the best performance in our Webserver benchmark of any eMLC SSD to date and isn't far behind on the other three profiles. Aside from enterprise components throughout OWC also includes discrete capacitors for power-fail protection and the industry's longest warranty of seven years. With a wide range of capacity options, the Enterprise Pro 6G will happily crank away for years delivering top-tier performance in both entry and mainstream enterprise duties.