Home Enterprise Intel Xeon Platinum 8592+ Processor Review (Dell PowerEdge R760)

Intel Xeon Platinum 8592+ Processor Review (Dell PowerEdge R760)

by Dylan Bryan

The Intel Xeon Platinum 8592+ is a big step forward for the company and has unique strengths for AI and HPC workloads.

We’ve already reviewed the Dell PowerEdge R760 and found it to be highly capable, per usual from Dell. After the recent launch of the 5th Gen Intel Xeon Scalable chips, we got our hands on a set of top-bin Intel Xeon Platinum 8592+ CPUs. We figured, what better than to retrofit one of our Poweredge R760s to combine the best of both worlds and see if Intel’s latest effort should have the enterprise green with envy.

Intel Xeon Platinum 8592+

Intel Xeon Platinum 8592+ Specifications

We started with the shipped configuration from Dell in our R760, which was dual Intel 6430 CPUs and 1TB of DDR5 4800 RAM, before swapping in the 8592+ CPUs. While the Xeon 6340 wasn’t the top of the Sapphire Rapids Family, We’re still going to compare it to the Xeon 8592+. We’re lining these two up in this review not to show them as direct competitors, but to show the potential of existing platforms with the release of the new Emerald Rapids CPUs.

Intel Xeon Platinum 8592+ in R760

We brought in the numbers for the Sapphire Rapids Platinum 8480+ as well as from an HP ML350 as a comparison to the Xeon 8592+ to get some closer numbers. The 8480+ in the ML350 Ge11 is one spot from being the top CPU in the Sapphire Rapids Lineup. It should be noted that we’re only looking at CPUs here, not comparing the servers themselves against each other.

Intel Xeon Platinum 8592+ Processor (R760) Intel Xeon Gold 6430 Processor (R760) Intel Xeon Platinum 8480+ Processor (ML350 G11)
Generation 5th, Emerald Rapids 4th, Sapphire Rapids 4th, Sapphire Rapids
Cores 64 32 56
Threads 128 64 112
Base Frequency 1.9 GHz 2.10 GHz 2.0 GHz
Turbo Frequency 3.9 GHz 3.4 GHz 3.8 GHz
Cache 320 MB 60 MB 105 MB
Intel UPI Speed 20 GT/s 16 GT/s 16 GT/s
Max UPI Links 4 3 4
TDP 350 W 270 W 350 W
Launch Date Q4 ’23 Q1 ’23 Q1 ’23
Max Memory Size 4TB
Memory Types DDR5 5600 MT/s (1 DPC) Up to DDR5 4400 MT/s (1DPC and 2DPC) Up to DDR5 4800 MT/s 1DPC
Up to DDR5 4400 MT/s 2DPC
Max # Memory Channels 8
PCIe Rev 5
Max # PCIe Lanes 80
High Priority Cores 20 @ 2.1 GHz 12 @ 2.2 GHz 16 @ 2.1 GHz
Low Priority Cores 44 @ 1.7 GHz 20 @ 1.8 GHz 40 @ 1.7 GHz
Default Max EPC size for Intel SGX 512 GB 128 GB 512 GB
Product Page Link Link Link

Intel Xeon Platinum 8592+ Performance

The high-level tested system specs for each CPU are as follows. Each System had two of the listed CPUs.

Xeon Platinum 8592+ 

Xeon Gold 6430

Xeon Platinum 8480+

Intel Xeon Platinum 8592+ underneath

Intel Xeon Platinum 8592+

Blender OptiX

First up is Blender OptiX–an open-source 3D modeling application. This benchmark was run using the Blender Benchmark CLI utility. The score is samples per minute, with higher being better.

The Xeon 8592+s come off to a great start with over double the performance of the Xeon 6430s, reflecting the data shown on the spec sheets. The Xeon 8480+s however, came as close as 81 points to the Xeon 8592+ in Classroom.

Blender 4.0 CPU 2x Xeon Platinum 8592+(ER)  (R760 – 1TB DDR5 4800MHz) 2x Xeon Gold 6430(SR)
(R760 – 1TB DDR5 4800MHz)
2x Xeon Platinum 8480+(SR) (ML350 G11 – 256GB DDR5 4400MHz)
Monster 1115.057 540.039 943.300
Junkshop 780.408 361.066 627.662
Classroom 556.550 278.228 475.144

 Cinebench R23

Maxon’s Cinebench R23 is a CPU rendering benchmark that utilizes all CPU cores and threads. We ran it for both multi- and single-core tests. Higher scores are better. In this test, we see roughly double the results on the Emerald Rapids Xeon 8592+s than we did on the Sapphire Rapids 6430s. We did see some better single-core performance out of the Xeon 8480+ than the Xeon 8592+, but this doesn’t come to much of a surprise as the Xeon 8480+ held a higher base clock speed. The Xeon 8592+ did pull way ahead in the multi-core test.

Cinebench R23 2x Xeon Platinum 8592+(ER)  (R760 – 1TB DDR5 4800MHz) 2x Xeon Gold 6430(SR)
(R760 – 1TB DDR5 4800MHz)
2x Xeon Platinum 8480+(SR) (ML350 G11 – 256GB DDR5 4400MHz)
CPU Multi Core  110,498 69,663 79,164
CPU Single Core 1,144 1,022 1,461
MP Ratio 96.63x 68.17x 54.20x

Cinebench 2024

Here are the CPU results for the 2024 version of Cinebench.

We did see a similar performance pattern between the three CPUs as Cinebench R23.

Cinebench 2024 2x Xeon Platinum 8592+(ER)  (R760 – 1TB DDR5 4800MHz) 2x Xeon Gold 6430(SR)
(R760 – 1TB DDR5 4800MHz)
2x Xeon Platinum 8480+(SR) (ML350 G11 – 256GB DDR5 4400MHz)
CPU Multi Core 6,001 3,746 4,699
CPU Single Core 68 59 76
MP Ratio 88.48x 63.22x 61.44x

Geekbench 6

Geekbench 6 is a cross-platform benchmark measuring overall system performance. Higher scores are better. Geekbench offers a GPU benchmark, but without a GPU, we only have CPU Results.

*We had issues with the Emerald Rapids Xeon 8592+s in this test and it would not complete, so we will revisit this when we can get performance numbers. Until then we only have numbers for the Xeon 6430s and Xeon 8480+s*

Geekbench 6 2x Xeon Platinum 8592+(ER)  (R760 – 1TB DDR5 4800MHz) 2x Xeon Gold 6430(SR)
(R760 – 1TB DDR5 4800MHz)
2x Xeon Platinum 8480+(SR) (ML350 G11 – 256GB DDR5 4400MHz)
CPU Benchmark -Single Core N/A 1,488 1,939
CPU Benchmark – Multi Core N/A 16,054 15,218


Y-cruncher is a popular benchmarking and stress-testing application that launched back in 2009. This test is multi-threaded and scalable, computing Pi and other constants up to the trillions of digits. Faster is better in this test.

We do see results following the same pattern as the other tests, with the Xeon 6430 being in the back, and the Xeon 8480+ just tailing behind the numbers from the Xeon 8592+.

Y-Cruncher (lower is better) 2x Xeon Platinum 8592+(ER)  (R760 – 1TB DDR5 4800MHz) 2x Xeon Gold 6430(SR)
(R760 – 1TB DDR5 4800MHz)
2x Xeon Platinum 8480+(SR) (ML350 G11 – 256GB DDR5 4400MHz)
1 Billion 4.239 seconds 6.060 seconds 5.136 seconds
2.5 Billion 11.466 seconds 16.896 seconds 13.768 seconds
5 Billion 25.325 seconds 36.843 seconds 29.889 seconds
10 Billion 54.921 seconds 80.574 seconds 65.194 seconds
25 Billion 156.923 seconds 229.017 seconds 186.841 seconds

7-Zip Compression

The popular 7-Zip utility has a built-in memory benchmark, that demonstrates the CPU performance very well. In this test, we run it at a 128MB dictionary size when possible. Expectedly we still see better results on the Xeon 8592+ CPUs.

2x Xeon Platinum 8592+(ER)  (R760 – 1TB DDR5 4800MHz) 2x Xeon Gold 6430(SR)
(R760 – 1TB DDR5 4800MHz)
2x Xeon Platinum 8480+(SR) (ML350 G11 – 256GB DDR5 4400MHz)
Current CPU Usage 5,609% 5,732% 5,482%
Current Rating/Usage 4.912 GIPS 3.912 GIPS 4.628 GIPS
Current Rating 275,503 GIPS 224.209 GIPS 253.724 GIPS
Resulting CPU Usage 5,605% 5,669% 5,475%
Resulting Rating/Usage 4.883 GIPS 3.923 GIPS 4.628 GIPS
Resulting Rating 273.716 GIPS 222.407 GIPS 253.382 GIPS
Current CPU Usage 6,243% 5,852% 6,219%
Current Rating/Usage 3.635 GIPS 3.423 GIPS 3.745 GIPS
Current Rating 226.917 GIPS 200.350 GIPS 231.916 GIPS
Resulting CPU Usage 6,232% 5,894% 6,129%
Resulting Rating/Usage 3.654 GIPS 3.385 GIPS 3.871 GIPS
Resulting Rating 227.744 GIPS 199.363 GIPS 237.259 GIPS
Total Rating
Total CPU Usage 5,919% 5,781% 5,802%
Total Rating/Usage 4.269 GIPS 3.654 GIPS 4.249 GIPS
Total Rating 250.730 GIPS 210.363 GIPS 245.320 GIPS

UL Procyon AI Inference

UL’s Procyon AI Inference benchmark suite tests how various AI inference engines perform using state-of-the-art neural networks. We ran these tests on the CPU only. Each number here is an average inference time, where lower is better, and the last row is an overall score where higher is better. The differences between these CPUs is a lot less defined in this test, with the Xeon 8480+ actually pulling ahead in some tests, but in the end, the Xeon 8592+ still did get a higher Overall score.

2x Xeon Platinum 8592+(ER)  (R760 – 1TB DDR5 4800MHz) 2x Xeon Gold 6430(SR)
(R760 – 1TB DDR5 4800MHz)
2x Xeon Platinum 8480+(SR) (ML350 G11 – 256GB DDR5 4400MHz)
MobileNet V3 3.17 3.71 2.34
ResNet 50 5.23 4.37 5.76
Inception V4 18.66 22.59 21.70
DeepLab V3 23.99 28.25 23.00
YOLO V3 35.47 40.28 30.81
REAL-ESRGAN 1021.49 1277.08 1535.27
Overall Score 196 161 191


Though this isn’t exactly a benchmark, we thought it was worth mentioning the differences in memory speeds, with the only change being the installed CPU.

First is a shot of the memory tab for the Sapphire Rapids Xeon 6430s that were originally installed in our R760.R760 Xeon 6430 Memory

Next is a shot from the memory tab for the Emerald Rapids Xeon 8592+.

CPUz Xeon 8592+

There is a definite difference in the memory timing on the Xeon 8592+, bringing it a little lower than our Xeon 6430, but likely not enough to impact performance in most real-world applications.

Memory Testing

Looking at the CPU-Z information on the memory, we can run Microbenchmarks from Clamchowder, which is designed to help assess CPU/memory-related parameters including ROB/register file sizes, lock/cache coherency latency, and cache/memory performance. We selected this test to profile the performance improvements between the generations of CPU, and across different access sizes.

For this test, we used 64 threads and ran a whole profile from 64kb to 3,145,728kb. Focusing on the performance once we leave the CPU Cache and go to system memory, we can see a significant lift in throughput with the 5th Gen Xeon across the board on the Write test.

Looking at read bandwidth, the story isn’t as dramatic, but notable. The difference in clock speeds between the 4th Gen CPU and 5th Gen CPU we tested becomes a little clearer here in this test. Despite the slight disadvantage of the 5th Gen, we can still see that the 5th Gen Xeon Scalable can deliver a drop in performance increase.


As expected, the Intel Xeon Platinum 8592+ performed vastly better in most tests than the Xeon 6430s, but that makes sense as they are not direct competing chips. When adding the Xeon 8480+ into the mix, we see the performance gaps close up quite a bit as these serve closer as a direct predecessor to the Xeon 8592+. A large benefit of the 5th generation Xeon chips is that they utilize the same socket as the 4th generation, allowing older platforms to be upgraded in the field as we did to some of our other servers here.

Intel Xeon Platinum 8592+ bottom

We saw significant improvements in performance across all of our workloads between the two 4th-gen Intel Xeon processors and the 5th-gen Xeon 8592+. The biggest improvements were visible in our computational workloads, such as y-cruncher. In our 25-billion digit runs we measured times on the Gold 6430 and Platinum 8480+ of 229 and 187 seconds respectively dropping to just 157 seconds on the Platinum 8592+. There was also a huge boost in performance in Cinebench R23 and 2024, going from just the 4th-gen Platinum 8480+ to the 5th-gen 8592+. In R23 we saw performance jump from 79k to 110k, and in 2024 the speeds increased from 4,699 to 6,001.

The Intel Xeon Platinum 8592+ marks a big step forward for the company and even though it can’t go core-to-core with AMD’s beefy chips, the 8592+ does have unique strengths that make it a compelling choice. Intel has significantly optimized these processors for AI and HPC workloads, offering robust performance across the board.

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